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Grim postcards of executions and dead bodies from the Mexican Revolution 1910-17

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The Mexican Revolution began as a middle-class protest against the oppressive dictatorship of the country’s President Porfirio Diaz (1876-1911). In 1910, wealthy landowner Francisco I. Madero (1873-1913) stood against Diaz in the presidential election. The election was rigged by Diaz and his cronies who then attempted to have Madero arrested and imprisoned. Madero escaped to San Antonio, Texas, where he wrote Plan de San Luis (Plan of San Luis de Potosí), a political pamphlet that denounced Diaz explaining why he should no longer be president.

Madero’s Plan was a rallying cry that asked the Mexican people to rise up against Diaz on Sunday, November 20, 1910, at 6:00 pm and overthrow his government. This is how the Mexican Revolution began. What followed was a bloody and ferocious civil war and one of the greatest upheavals of the 20th century. An estimated 1.5 million people died. Two-hundred-thousand were made refugees.

During the revolution (1910-20) hundreds of commercial and amateur photographers documented the events on both sides of the war.

Using glass plate cameras and early cut film cameras, primitive by today’s standards, the photographers faced injury and death to obtain negatives which would be printed on postcard stock and sold to the soldiers and general public on both sides of the U.S.-Mexican border. Some of the views were obviously posed, and others showed the death and destruction resulting from the violence of a nation involved in a bloody civil war.

The following postcards are part of a collection held by the Southern Methodist University archive.
 
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More postcards from the Mexican Revolution, after the jump…

Posted by Paul Gallagher | Leave a comment
The revolution will be animated: historic meeting of Pancho Villa and Zapata

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Xochimilco 1914 recreates the historic first meeting of Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata in the Xochimilco district of Mexico City on the morning of December 4, 1914. It is based on the original stenographic record of their conversation and animates the words and impact of the historic meeting. Two days after the meeting Villa and Zapata would lead their troops into Mexico City and occupy it.

Today is the 200th anniversary of Mexican independence from Spain.

The video is the a collaborative effort on the part of Mexican arts collective Los Viumasters.
 

 

Posted by Marc Campbell | Leave a comment